We have all heard about it. D8 (Delta-8 THC) Δ8 But what is it?
Delta-8-Tetrahydrocannabinol (Delta-8-THC, Δ8) is a psychoactive cannabinoid found in the cannabis plant. Delta 8 is an isomer of the commonly known Delta 9 THC found in the marijuana plant. It is commonly mistaken for CBD but it is NOT.
First, we need to understand the differences between marijuana and industrial hemp. The marijuana plant has high amounts of THC (Tetrahydrocannabinol), more specifically Delta-9 Tetrahydrocannabinol. This “THC” aka Delta 9 is the psychoactive compound found in the marijuana plant which makes one feel “high”. This mind- and mood-altering effect of THC is caused by its interaction and attachment to CB1 & CBD2 receptors in our body.
Our bodies naturally have an endogenous cannabinoid system more commonly referred to as an endocannabinoid system (ECS). The endocannabinoid system is a molecular system responsible for regulating and balancing many processes in the body. Our bodies have two endocannabinoid receptors. CB1 receptors; moistly found in the central nervous system & CB2 receptors; mostly found in your peripheral nervous system.
The industrial hemp plant on the other hand is bread to have low amounts of this psychoactive compound (less than 0.3%) and high amounts of cannabidiol (CBD), a non-psychoactive compound which has shown promising benefits.
In 2018 the Agricultural Improvement Act of 2018 more commonly known as the 2018 Farm Bill allowed at a Federal level, the sale of products from the industrial hemp plant, as long as they contained no more than 0.3% Delta-9 Tetrahydrocannabinol. It was this that paved the way for many States to enact laws and regulation for extracts derived from the industrial hemp plant.
The Farm Bill of 2018 has a loophole. It states that hemp products must not contain more than 0.3% Delta-9 THC on a dry weight basis. How is this a loophole you may ask? Scientist found a way to isolate a molecule from the hemp plant that is chemically off by only one molecule to that of Delta-9 THC. This molecule which acts much like its bigger brother is Delta-8 Tetrahydrocannabinol. As you recall Delta-8 was not included as part of the 2018 Farm Bill.
This has led to a controversy since technically Delta-8 is a “legal high”. Many individuals have used this loophole to exploit consumers wishing to feel the “marijuana” like effects. This causes a problem as most don’t know that D8 is a synthetic form of THC.
Delta-8 is not natural as it requires a scientific process in order to extract it. Unlike all-natural CBD (cannabidiol) products which require NO scientific process to extract, therefore are all natural in nature. Delta 8 products can cause adverse effects. These adverse effects have lead to several States banning the sale of D8.